China ROHs 2.0 is the updated administration ruling on Restriction of hazardous substance in Electrical & Electronic product which came into effect on 1st July, 2016 jointly by the following government departments:
- China’s Ministry of Information & Industry ( MII );
- National Development and Reform Commission ( NDRC);
- Ministry of Science & Technology ( MST);
- Ministry of Finance ( MOF);
- Ministry of Environment Protection ( MEP );
- Ministry of Commerce ( MOC ),
- General Administration of Customs ( GAC)
- General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine ( AQSIQ)
This regulation supersedes the existing China RoHs 1.0 from 2006.
Electrical & Electronic product – refers to products and related equipment that are dependent on electrical currents and/or electromagnetic fields to operate, generate, transmit and/or measure currents and fields for voltages up to 1500 DC and/or 1000 AC.
It excludes equipment used solely for the production, transmission or distribution of electrical energy.
Hazardous substance – refers to following substances when contained in electrical and electronic products:
- Lead and its compounds ( Pb)
- Cadmium and its compounds ( Cd)
- Mercury and its compounds ( Hg )
- Hexavalent Chromium and its compounds ( Cr 6+)
- Poly-brominated Biphenyl ( PBBs )
- Poly-brominated diphenyl ethers ( PBDEs)
- Other harmful substances determined by the State.
- Hazardous substances contained in any listed product must be below the limitations set in accordance with the China national standard GB/T 26572-2011 – Requirements of concentration limits for certain restricted substances in electrical and electronic products. Current limitations on the above hazardous substances are:
|Hazardous substance||Content limit ( %)|
Hazardous substance in electrical and electronic products not included in this mandatory compliance list may exceed the above limit.
- In accordance with the China industry standard SJ/T 11364-2014 – Marking for the restriction of the use of hazardous substance in electrical and electronic product – all electrical and electronic products must be provided with the correct RoHs labeling information, including:
- Logo; and
- Table of hazardous substance.
(See details below)
- A product list for mandatory compliance will be published shortly.
RoHs labeling requirements
“Green logo” – this applies to products not containing hazardous substances, or if the contents of hazardous substance are below the limit. These products are considered to be environmental friendly and should be recycled.
“Orange logo” – – this applies to products where hazardous substance contents are beyond the prescribed limitations. The number in the circle represents the period (in years) for which the product is considered environmentally friendly and may be used safely without leakage of hazardous substances and pollution. After this period the product should be recycled. The supplier shall refer to SJ/Z 11388 to determine the environmental friendly period in number of years.
Table of hazardous substance – when a product is marked with an orange logo (i.e., the hazardous substances contained in the product are above the prescribed limit), the user’s manual must include a table of hazardous substance (see below) to indicate the name and contents of hazardous substance in each part.
|Parts||Hazardous substance contents ( “O” or “X” in each cell)|
|O: Means the content of this hazardous substance in any hemogeneity materials of this part is below the limit set by GB/T 26572-2011
X: Means the content of this hazardous substance in at least one of the hemogeneity materials of this part exceeds the limit set by GB/T 26572-2011 ( the supplier shall explain the technical reasons of “X” here )
In addition, the user manual must provide detailed explanation on any conditions of use or requirements to ensure that the product remains environmentally safe throughout the specified period.
Refer to below standards:
- GB/T 26125-2011 – Electrical and electronic products—Determination of six regulated substances(lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, poly-brominated biphenyls, poly-brominated diphenyl ethers
- GB/T 29783-2013 – Determination of chromium(Ⅵ)in electrical and electronic products-Atomic fluorescence spectrometry
Comparison with EU RoHs requirements
|Requirement||EU RoHs 2.0||China RoHs 2.0|
|Restriction limit||Must be lower than limit||Product in mandatory compliance list must be lower than the limit,|
|Exemption provision||With exemption provision||Without exemption provision|
|Compliance evidence||Design and manufacturing control||Design and manufacturing control with Labeling information ( Logo + content table in user manual )|
Comparison with China RoHs 1.0 requirements
- The scope of the China RoH has been expanded from Electronic Information Products (1.0) to include Electrical and Electronic products (2.0).
- A mandatory compliance list will be published in the future listing products requiring assurance that their hazardous substance content is below the limit set by standard GB/T 26572-2011 and marked with the green logo.
Suppliers’ action from now on
- Suppliers of electrical and electronic products are required to collect the information on the content of hazardous substances from their suppliers.
- Any electrical and electronic products produced after 1st July 2016 must me marked with the correct RoHs logo, and if an orange logo is used, a Table of hazardous substance must be included in the user manual.
- Once the mandatory compliance list is published (date unknown), suppliers of all listed products must take measures to reduce the level of hazardous substances down to the prescribed limit. These products must be marked with a green logo (this may require a change in labelling once compliance with the prescribed limit of hazardous substances has been established).
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